The miracle in Zamzam water:
“Zamzam water is what one intends to drink it for.
When one drinks it to be healed, Allah heals him;
when one drinks it to be full, Allah makes him full;
and when one drinks it to quench his thirst, Allah quenches it. ” [ Ahmad, and Ibn Majah]
According to Arab historians, the Zamzam Well, except for a few periods when it became dry or was buried under sand, has been in use for around 4000 years
The well marks the site of a spring that, miraculously, had issued forth from a barren and desolate wadi (non perennial stream) where the Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon him-pbuh), under Allah’s command, had left his wife Hajar(Peace be upon her) and their infant son Ismail (pbuh). In her desperate search for water, Hajar(Peace be upon her) ran seven times back and forth in the scorching heat between the two hills of Safa and Marwa to provide water for Ismail (pbuh), who was dying of thirst. Allah, in His mercy, sent the Angel Gabriel, who scraped the ground, causing the spring to appear. On finding the spring, and fearing that it might run out of water, Hajar(Peace be upon her) enclosed it in sand and stones. The name Zamzam originates from the phrase ‘Zomë Zomë ‘, meaning ‘stop flowing’, a command repeated by Hajar during her attempt to contain the spring water. The area around the spring, which was later converted to a well, became a resting place for caravans, and eventually grew into the trading city of Makkah, birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
The Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) later returned to rebuild the Ka’ba, the first Bait-ul-Allah (House of Allah), originally said to have been built by Adam (pbuh). It is the holiest place on Earth. The Ka’ba now stands in the center of the Holy Mosque, also called Al-Haram. The Zamzam well is located within the Holy Mosque, about 20 m east of the Ka’ba.
The report about the chest of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) being washed with the water of Zamzam is proven in the hadeeth of Abu Dharr (may Allaah be pleased with him), who reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “My roof was opened when I was in Makkah, and Jibreel (peace be upon him) came down and opened my chest, then he washed it with Zamzam water. Then he brought a gold basin full of wisdom and faith, poured it into my chest, and closed it up again. Then he took me by the hand and ascended with me into the first heaven.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 3/429).
VIRTUES OF ZAMZAM WATER:
According to the hadeeth of Abu Dharr (may Allaah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace be upon him) said concerning the water of Zamzam, “It is a blessing, and it is food that satisfies.” (Muslim).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The water of Zamzam is for whatever purpose it is drunk for.” (Reported by Ibn Maajah, 2/1018; see Al-Maqaasid al-Hasanah by al-Sakhaawi, p. 359).
The difference between the believers and the hypocrites is drinking one’s fill of Zamzam water.(Narrated by Ibn Maajah)
Al-‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The people used to compete over Zamzam during the time of Jaahiliyyah(ignorance)(period before Islam). People who had children used to bring them and give them to drink, and this was their early-morning victuals(provisions). We used to used to think that it was a help for people who had children.” Al-‘Abbaas said: “During the Jaahiliyyah, Zamzam was known as Shabaa’ah (satisfaction).
”Al-‘Allaamah al-Abbi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “(The water) is for whatever purpose it is drunk for, and Allaah made it food and drink for Ismaa’eel and his mother Haajar.
”Ibn al-Mubaarak entered Zamzam and said, “O Allaah, Ibn al-Mu’ammal told me, from Abu’l-Zubayr from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: ‘The water of Zamzam is for whatever purpose it is drunk for,’ so, O Allaah, I am drinking it (to quench) my thirst on the Day of Resurrection.”
Etiquttes of drinking Zamzam water:
It is sunnah to drink one’s fill of Zamzam water and to quench one’s thirst.
The fuqaha have mentioned the etiquette that is mustahabb (recommended) when drinking Zamzam water, such as
- facing the Ka’bah,
- saying Bismillah
- ,pausing to take a breath three times,
- drinking one’s fill,
- praising Allaah after one finishes
As regards the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said, “I gave the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Zamzam water to drink whilst he was standing,” (reported by al-Bukhaari, 3/492), it is taken to mean that it is permissible to drink zamzam whilst standing; showing the utmost respect
‘Aa’ishah(R.A.) reported that she took Zamzam water home with her in bottles, and said, “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took some of it away with him, and he used to pour it on the sick and give it to them to drink.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 4/37).
The Zamzam well was excavated by hand, and is about 30 meters deep and 1.08 to 2.66 meters in diameter. It taps groundwater from the wadi alluvium and some from the bedrock. Originally water from the well was drawn via ropes and buckets, but today the well itself is in a basement room where it can be seen behind glass panels (visitors are not allowed to enter). Electric pumps draw the water, which is available throughout the Masjid via water fountains and dispensing containers near the Tawaf area.
Hydro geologically, the well is in the Wadi Ibrahim (Valley of Abraham). The upper half of the well is in the sandy alluvium of the valley, lined with stone masonry except for the top meter which has a concrete “collar”. The lower half is in the bedrock. Between the alluvium and the bedrock is a half-meter section of permeable weathered rock, lined with stone, and it is this section that provides the main water entry into the well. Water in the well comes from absorbed rainfall in the Wadi Ibrahim, as well as runoff from the local hills. Since the area has become more and more settled, water from absorbed rainfall on the Wadi Ibrahim has decreased.
The Saudi Geological Survey has a “Zamzam Studies and Research Centre” which analyzes the technical properties of the well in detail. Water levels were monitored by hydrograph, which in more recent times has changed to a digital monitoring system that tracks the water level, electric conductivity, pH, Eh, and temperature.. Other wells throughout the valley have also been established, some with digital recorders, to monitor the response of the local aquifer system.
The water level is 3.23 meters (about 10.59 ft) below the surface. A pumping test at 8000 liters/second for more than a 24 hour period showed a drop in water level from 3.23 meters below surface to 12.72 meters and then to 13.39 meters, after which the water level stopped receding. When pumping stopped, the water level recovered to 3.9 meters below surface only 11 minutes later. This data shows that the aquifer feeding the well seems to recharge from rock fractures in neighboring mountains around Mecca.
Features of Zamzam water:
Zamzam Water has no color or smell, but it has a distinct taste, and its pH is 7.9–8.0, indicating that it is alkaline to some extent, like seawater.
A study conducted in American laboratories showed that traces of thirty elements were identified in Zamzam water by means of energizing neutrons. Some of these elements scored less than 0.01.
After matching up the chemical analysis to international specifications, especially to the specifications of the World Health Organization (WHO), results proved the potability of Zamzam water as well as its beneficial effect on the body health. Additionally, sodium is very high in Zamzam water and the international specifications do not put a limit to the measurement of its composition.
- Calcium 198
- Magnesium¨ 43.7
- Chloride 335
- Sulfur 370
- Iron 0.15
- Manganese 0.15
- Copper 0.12
(Analysis of a study conducted in the laboratory of the Department of Water and Waste Water Treatment, the Western Province, Saudi Arabia, 1400 H.E.)
Rich Chemical constituents of Zamzam water:
CALCUIM & MAGNESUIM IN ZAM ZAM WATER:
The difference between Zamzam water and other water (city water )is in the quantity of calcium and magnesium salts. The content of these is slightly higher in Zamzam water. This may be why this water refreshes tired hajis.
FLOURIDE IN ZAMZAM WATER:
But more significantly, the water contains fluorides that have an effective germicidal action.
Speacial features of this Speacial water:
Never Dried Up: This well has never dried up(except for a few periods when it was dry or was buried under the sand ). on the contrary it has always fulfilled the demand for water.
Same Salt composition: It has always maintained the same salt composition and taste ever since it came into existence.
Potability: Its potability has always been universally recognized as pilgrims from all over the world visit Ka’aba every year for Hajj and umrah, but have never complained about it. Instead, they have always enjoyed the water that refreshes them.
Universal taste: Water tastes different at different places. Zamzam water’s appeal has always been universal.
No Biological Growth: This water has never been chemically treated or chlorinated as is the case with water pumped into the cities.Biological growth and vegetation usually takes place in most wells. This makes the water unpalatable owing to the growth of algae causing taste and odour problems. But in the case of the Zamzam water well, there wasn’t any sign of biological growth.
Comparative study between the chemical composition of
potable water and Zamzam water in Saudi Arabia:
The analyses were carried out at the King Abdul Aziz City of Science and Technology(KACST)
Analysis of Chloride. Sulphate, nitrate, fluoride, CaCO3, Carbonate (CO3) Bicarbonate (HCO3) sodium(Na) , potassium(k) and Analysis of Total Hardnes was carried out.
The following research was undertaken to analyze the chemical composition of Riyadh drinking tap water and compare it with that of Zamzam water when compared to Riyadh tap water; Zamzam water from both sources showed highly significant readings in all
inorganic elements:Na,Ca,Mg,K,HCO3,Cl,Fl,NO3,SO4, TDS
(total dissolve alkalinity) except the pH which was almost similar in Riyadh tap water. (7.2) to that of Zamzam water (7.9 – 8 )
Fluoride: The World Health Organization regards 1.5 ppm as the upper limit of fluoride exposure that is appropriate.(higher that 1.5ppm leads to dental flourosis)
Zamzam water contains higher levels of fluoride(0.72 and 0.68ppm for well and pipe respectively compared to 0.26-0.43ppm for potable(general) drinking water)
Ionic calcium in water is the best form to use, being the only physiologically active form of this element. All sources of this mineral compounds, whether through the diet or from the bones (serve as a storage deposit) and teeth must be broken down to its ionic form before it can be used by the body. Usually calcium absorption takes place in duodenum on the other hand ionic calcium(calcium in dissolved form) digestion is not required, the body will absorb minerals immediately upon entering the mouth and a majority of the minerals will be absorbed before it ever enters the lower stomach, needs no stomach acid to be absorbed and assimilated. Calcium absorbed in our bodies from calcium lactate compound (commonly found in dairy product) is 33% or 105mg of usable calciumwhile 98% or 392mg in ionic calcium is absorbed.
Zamzam water from both sources (well and pipes) has proven to contain high levels of fluoride when compared to potable water.
Ionic calcium in water is the best form to use to insure its proper absorption by the bones and teeth.
The role of fluoride in the prevention of dental caries is very well established.
Calcium raises the body’s resistance to viruses, parasites, cancer as well as bacteria which causes tooth decay.
Due to the ubiquitous nature of exposure to fluoride sources other than potable water;it is currently impossible to draw firm conclusions thus further studies are needed to study the independent effect of solely drinking Zamzam water and its advantages over
A research was carried out by Tariq hussain,Riyadh in the year 1971 when an Egyptian doctor wrote to the European press, a letter saying that Zamzam water was not fit for drinking purposes.
Fortunately, the news came to King Faisal’s ears who got extremely angry and decided to disprove the Egyptian doctor’s provocative statement. He immediately ordered the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources to investigate and send samples of Zamzam water to European laboratories for testing the portability of the water.
The ministry then instructed the Jeddah Power and Desalination Plants to carry out this task.
Tariq hussain was appointed the desalting engineer and he carried out the research.Samples were also sent to European laboratories.
The results of the Samples tested under European laboratories and those tested in Riyadh were identical ,Alhamdulillah proving that it is not only fit for drinking purpose but also a healing and cure.
Hence the statement made by the Egyptian doctor was proved false. When this was reported to King Faisal he was extremely pleased and ordered the contradiction of the report in the European Press. In a way, it was a blessing that this study was undertaken to show the chemical composition of the water.
In fact, the more you explore, the more wonders surface and you find yourself believing implicitly in the miracles of this water that Allah Ta’ala bestowed as a gift on the faithful coming from far and wide to the desert land for pilgrimage.
Personal experiences of some of the scholars:
Sheikh Abdur Rashid Ibrahim rahmatullahi alaihe states, ‘I spent weeks on Zamzam to satisfy my hunger.‘
Sheikh Muhammad Saeed Tantawi spent the last ten days of Ramadhaan in I’takaf within Haram Shareef. For the duration of the ten days he had nothing to eat or drink except for Zamzam.
An ustaadh of Makkah Mukarramah, Jaamiah Ummul Qura`, was afflicted with an illness in which he could neither open his mouth to talk or to eat. During his illness he survived only upon Zamzam and he states that for seventeen days not only did he not feel hungry or thirsty but he also recovered.
Allama Ibnul Qayyum Jawzi rahmatullahi alaihe has written in ‘Zaadul Ma`ad’ that I have seen such a person who has lived only on Zamzam as his source of food for half a month or more but he did not feel hungry and he continued to perform tawaaf as normal.
He also states that the person informed him, ‘On some occasions I have lived on Zamzam for approximately forty days with no change to my physical strength. I would fast, perform tawaaf and fulfil the duties to my wife.
Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas states that Zamzam was a great help for him in raising a family. He states that they termed it as ‘Shabba’ah’ (filler of the stomach).
Some incidents relating to the Miracles of ZamZam
Yusria Abdel-Rahman Haraz said that she was affected by a ulcer in her eye. It affected her by a severe headache which could not be cured by tablets. She was about to become blind in the affected eye. She went to a famous doctor who suggested to give her an injection which will stop the headache but it will also dysfunction the affected eye and consequently she will loose the sight in the affected eye. Mrs.Yusria was confident of the mercy of Allah. She thought of performing Umra and supplicated to Allah to cure her. She come to Makkah and performed Tawaf, there were not many people and the areas not crowded, therefore, she could be with the Zamzam water for long time. She washed her eyes. When she came back to the hotel she found that her affected eyes was cured and the ulcer disappeared. This event proves that it is a confirmation of the Hadeeth which says, “Zamzam water fulfils the purpose for which it ………
There are many of such events, which proves the truth of what Prophet Muhammed(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) said and the holy nature of Zamzam water. Dr. Farooque Antar tells his own story. He says that he had been affected by a stone in his ureter and the doctor could not remove or destroy it without a surgical operation. But he postponed the operation two times. Meanwhile he performed Umra and supplicated to Allah to cure him without undergoing operation. He drank from Zamzam water and prayed two Rakaats. Then he felt a benching in his ureter and hurried to relieve himself, only to see the stone come out and he was cured without undergoing a surgical operation. The doctors who were treating Dr. Farooque were surprised at this.
There are many more such incidences where the Zamzam water treate many diseases including cancer.